DOI: 10.18413/2408-9338-2020-6-3-0-7

Theoretical and empirical framework of connection between political Islam and consociational democracy

Abstract. The following paper deals with an issue that goes beyond the persistent dilemma of compatibility between Political Islam and democracy, taking the ratio one step further. Hence the author's intention, through methods of induction, deduction and comparison, is to present the theoretical standardization precisely on the relation of political Islam and consociational democracy, as an important model of eventual democratic regulation in some Muslim societies. It is extremely important to emphasize that consociational democracy for political Islam should not be perceived as an ideal and most desirable democratic model, instead, it should be regarded as a solid basis for compromise for mutual political integration of different groups and communities, which due to a set of circumstances share the same state community. The connection between consociational democracy and political Islam will theoretically be sketched in several respects. First, as an opportunity for certain aspects of it to be incorporated into the political system of Muslim states, as guarantees for a non-Muslim or a population with a different Islamic denomination, ie. in those systems which do not meet Liјphart's criteria as favorable conditions for consociational democracy. Second, as an empirical experience of the implementation of confessionalism with a focus on the praxisological benchmark of Islamic political entities. Third, the general axiological determinant of political Islam for the categories that are an integral part of the mosaic of consociational or consensual democracy.

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