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DOI: 10.18413/2408-9338-2014-1-1-5-16

ORTHODOX BELIEVER OF THE KAMA REGION: XX-XXI CENTURIES

The article is devoted to the establishment of peculiarities of cultic practice of provincial Orthodoxy using the example of Perm Krai. As a material for analysis we are using materials of the local regional archive belonging to the foundation of the Authorized Council on religions of Perm oblast in 1949-1990, and also the data of the monitoring of Orthodoxy in Perm carried out in early 2014. The Orthodoxy is treated as an important phenomenon of the religious life in Prikamye, existing at the level of perception of laypeople in different variants. The object of the study was the rites of orthodox people, realized in the Soviet and post-Soviet periods of history. We consider not only the complex of rituals officially carried out in temples by registered priests, but also different kinds of alternative ceremonialism, and also its mock variants. In the Soviet period, there was a steady trend of both preserving and increasing the number of ceremonies and the number of their participants. The Twelve Great Feasts involve the largest number of participants in religious life and take form of public events. Large-scale participation is complemented with formal observance of religious demands, low familiarity with religious canons, and misconduct during the ceremonies. This situation persists in the post-Soviet period, both at the level of participation in rituals, and exploring the system of doctrines and religious norms. Neither the changes in the ideology, nor the restoration of the system of religious institutions on the territory have become the reason for change of mass religiosity.
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