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DOI: 10.18413/2408-9338-2021-7-3-1-1

Religious Theodemocracy: Sharia democracy as a unique Islamic model

The following paper deals with an issue that transcends the ongoing controversy over the compatibility between political Islam and democracy. This work raises this issue to a higher level by entering into the nature of the models of democracy themselves and their relation to a political ideology that is widespread in the Muslim world. Hence the intention of the author, through the methods of induction, deduction and comparison, is to present the theoretical, philosophical and empirical dimensions of sharia democracy as an important model of eventual democratic order in some of the Muslim societies. Thus, the general orientation in this study is to determine three aspects in the relation of Islamic ideology and subjects with the indicated form of religious theodemocracy. First, the format of election of citizens' representatives, i.e. the representative form of government. Second, the manner of decision-making and the type of decisions that could be made in a democratic setting of Islamic discourse. And finally, the degree of influence and role of religion, ie Islam in the process of shaping democratic principles, norms and value components relevant to Muslim societies. Such benchmarks signify a coherent whole and represent the qualitative and quantitative content in the ideology of political Islam, on the one hand, and on the other hand, they reflect the democratic possibilities in sharia as the desired Islamic legal order.

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