Attitude of young Russian provincial women to the institution of family and marriage
Remarriage is becoming an obvious and easy-to-spot trend with Russians. However, its only something on the surface. There has been a survey among women in Kostroma to define their attitude to the issues of family, marriage and divorce. We also asked them to describe their experience of married life and divorce. The institution of marriage is in demand and it has its perspectives despite multiple researchers’ opinions of its decline or even death. Modern society encourages the search of a spouse for a higher-quality family life and personal relationships (it maintains the value of hedonism and offers various strategies on the way to individual happiness, sometimes against family happiness). Any family has some conflicts but separated spouses get divorces due to misunderstanding, different outlooks on life, lack of emotional connection. However these aspects keep successful couples together. The factor of different life outlooks and lack of emotional connection is often related to early marriage, pregnancy before marriage, unequal match or marriage of convenience. So, these circumstances of setting a family more often than not have nothing to do with the way to understanding between the spouses, and may cause separation. On the contrary, if the marriage is voluntary and thought-through, the family members trust each other, they are ready to listen, accept and respect the partner’s point of view. As a result, mutual understanding helps cope with emerging difficulties easier. The conclusions of The All-Russian Public Opinion Research Centre about financial insecurity and adultery as main causes of divorce don’t reflect the reality (unless they are true only for metropolitan citizens). If there is understanding, money issues won’t cause the divorce, while adultery can be provoked by lack of emotional connection. One more essential circumstance existing in separated families, being the source of conflicts in regular families, is inability or unwillingness of a husband to do domestic chores. Women are becoming rightful “providers” in their families, and the existing patriarchal household system seems unfair and inappropriate, which causes conflicts. In terms of state family policy, it is necessary to organise public awareness campaigns in order to consolidate the institution of marriage and to fulfill preventive programmes for decreasing divorce rate.
Information for citation: Dukhanina, L. N., Kameneva, T. N., Maximenko, A. A. and Popova, G. V. (2020), “Attitude of young Russian provincial women to the institution of familyand marriage”, Research Result. Sociology and management, 6 (2), 74-100, DOI: 10.18413/2408-9338-2020-6-2-0-6
While nobody left any comments to this publication.
You can be first.
Besschestnova, O. V. (2014), “Modern attitude of students to family and marriage”, Current problems of the sociology of youth, culture, education and management: materials of the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference, UrFU, Ekaterinburg, Russia, 1, 29-32. (In Russian).
Voronina, T. D. (2011), “Divorce as a social phenomenon in modern Russia: causes and consequences. Regional Research Experience”, Vestnik Tomsk. gos. un-ta. Ser. Filosofiya. Politologiya. Sociologiya, (1), 21-31. (In Russian).
Giddens, E. H. (1994), “Fate, Risk and Security”, THESIS, 5, 107-134. (In Russian).
Kamyshova, E. V. (2014), “Sociocultural Determination of Contemporary views on divorces in a Multiethnic Society”, Teoriya i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiya, (1), 84-89. (In Russian).
Kolpakova, A. S. (2015), “Gender analysis of reasons for divorce in Russian Sociol-psychological research”, Sotsialnaya psikhologiya i obshchestvo, 6 (2), 22-30. (In Russian).
Lagoyda, N. G. (2017), “Problems of marriage stability and the increasing number of divorces in modern society”, Vestnik Buryatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, (2), 86-95. (In Russian).
Luman, N. (2004), Society as a social system, Logos, Moscow, Russia. (In Russian).
Mitrikas, A. A. (2004), “Family as a Value: State and Prospects of Value Choice in European Countries”, Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniia, (5), 65-73. (In Russian).
Pavlova, S. S. and Smirnov, A. Yu. (2005), “The main trends and consequences of marriage and divorce”, Materials of the interuniversity scientific conference “Science Week”, Saint Petersburg, Russia, 65-66. (In Russian).
Pakhomova, E. Yu. (2012), “Marriages and divorces: what has changed in the views of Russians”, Psikhologicheskiy zhurnal, 33 (3), 43-52. (In Russian).
Poppenoeh, D. (1996), “The Decline of the American Family (1960-1990): A Review and Assessment”, Vestnik MGU. Ser. Sociologiya i politologiya, (3), 65-72. (In Russian).
Sinelnikov, A. B. (1992), “Socially approved reasons for divorce in the past and present”, Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniia, (2), 27-38. (In Russian).
Sofronova, T. G. (2010), “Features and trends of marriage in Russia”, Iniciativy XXI veka, (3), available at: http://www.ini21.ru/?id=1080 (In Russian).
Tereza, E. B. (2006), “Family: marriage, divorce”, Teoriya i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiya, 2 (5), 70-72. (In Russian).
Tereleckova, E. V. (2007), “The role of gender in divorces: demographic and social aspects: (based on research in Bashkortostan)”, Ph.D. Thesis, Ufa, Russia. (In Russian).
Khachatryan, L. A. (2017), “The probability of divorce as a factor destabilization of the family (the example of the families of the Perm region)”, Demographic potential of the EAEC countries: VIII Ural Demographic Forum, Institut ekonomiki UrO RAN, Ekaterinburg, Russia, 1, 399-405. (In Russian).
Nye, F. I. and Hoffman, L. N. W. (2012), The Employed Mother in America, Literary Licensing, LLC, New York, USA.
Stacey, J. (1993), “Good Riddance to ‘The Family’: A Response to David Popenoe” Journal of Marriage and Family, (55), 545-547.
Beck, U. and Beck-Gernsheim, E. (2004), “Families in a runaway world”, in Scott, J., Treas, J. and Richards, M. (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Families, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, UK, 498-514.
Cancian, F. M. (1987), Love in America: Gender and Self-Development, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Giddens, A. (1992), The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love and Eroticism in Modern Societies, Polity Press, Cambridge, UK.
Perelli-Harris, B. and Gerber, T. P. (2011), “Nonmarital Fertility in Russia: Second Demographic Transition or Pattern of Disadvantage?”, Demography, (48), 317-342.
Skinner, K. B., Bahr, S. J., Crane, D. R. and Call, V. R. (2002), “Cohabitation, marriage, and remarriage: A comparison of relationship quality over time”, Journal of Family Issues, (23), 74-90.
Treas, J. and de Ruijter, E. (2008), “Earnings and expenditures on household services in married and cohabiting unions”, Journal of Marriage and Family, (70), 796-805.
Light, A. (2004), “Gender differences in the marriage and cohabitation income premium”, Demography, (41), 263-284.
Soons, J. P. M. and Kalmijn, M. (2009), “Is marriage more than cohabitation? Well-being differences in 30 European countries”, Journal of Marriage and Family, (71), 1141-1157.
Wu, Z., Penning, M. J., Pollard, M. S. and Hart, R. (2003), “’In sickness and in health’: Does cohabitation count?”, Journal of Family Issues, (24), 811-838.
Forste, R. and Tanfer, K. (1996), “Sexual exclusivity among dating, cohabiting, and married women”, Journal of Marriage and the Family, (58), 33-47.
Yabiku, S. T. and Gager, C. T. (2009), “Sexual frequency and the stability of marital and cohabiting unions”, Journal of Marriage and Family, (71), 983-1000.
Hohmann-Marriott, B. E. (2006), “Shared beliefs and the union stability of married and cohabiting couples”, Journal of Marriage and Family, (68), 1015-1028.
Poortman, A. R. and Lyngstad, T. H. (2007), “Dissolution risks in first and higher order marital and cohabiting unions”, Social Science Research, (36), 1431-1446.
Dominguez-Folgueras, M. and Castro-Martin, T. (2013), “Cohabitation in Spain: No Longer a Marginal Path to Family Formation”, Journal of Marriage and Family, (75), 422-437.
Amato, P. R., Johnson, D. R., Booth, A. and Rogers, S. J. (2003), “Continuity and change in marital quality between 1980 and 2000”, Journal of Marriage and Family, (65), 1-22.
Bulanda, J. R. and Brown, S. L. (2007), “Race – ethnic differences in marital quality and divorce”, Social Science Research, (36), 945-967.
Booth, A. and Edwards, J. N. (1992), “Starting over: Why remarriages are more unstable”, Journal of Family Issues, (13), 179-194.
White, L. K. and Booth, A. (1985), “The quality and stability of remarriages: The role of stepchildren”, American Sociological Review, (50), 689-698.
Nock, S. L. (1995), “A comparison of marriages and cohabiting relationships”, Journal of Family Issues, (16), 53-76.
Hall, S. S. (2006), “Marital Meaning”, Journal of Family Issues, (27), 1437-1458.
Jones, G. and Nelson, E. (1996), “Expectations of marriage among college students from intact and non-intact homes”, Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 171-189.
Amato, P. R. and Booth, A. (2001), “The legacy of parent’s marital discord: Consequences for children’s marital quality”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, (81), 627-638.
Markland, S. R. and Nelson, E. S. (1993), “The relationship between familial conflict and the identity of young adults”, Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, (20), 193-209.
Ross, C. E. and Mirowsky, J. (1999), “Parental divorce, life-course disruption, and adult depression”, Journal of Marriage and the Family, (61), 1034-1045.
Cui, M., Wickrama, K. A. S., Lorenz, F. O. and Conger, R. D. (2011), “Linking parental divorce and marital discord to the timing of emerging adults’ marriage and cohabitation”, in Fincham, F. D. and Cui, M. (eds.), Romantic Relationships in Emerging Adulthood, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 123-141.
Yu, T. and Alder-Baeder, F. (2007), “The intergenerational transmission of relationship quality: The effects of parental remarriage quality on young adults’ relationships”, Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, (47), 87-102.
Roth, K. E., Harkins, D. A. and Lauren, A. E. (2014), “Parental conflict during divorce as an indicator of adjustment and future relationships: A retrospective sibling study”, Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, (55), 117-138.
Collardeau, F. and Ehrenberg, M. (2016), “Parental Divorce and Attitudes and Feelings toward Marriage and Divorce in Emerging Adulthood: New Insights from a Multiway-Frequency Analysis”, Journal of European Psychology Students, (7), 24-33.
Ellison, C. G., Walker, A. B., Glenn, N. D., Marquardt, E. (2011), “The effects of parental marital discord and divorce on the religious and spiritual lives of young adults”, Social Science Research, (40), 538-551.