Planning a personal future in an unstable social environment and its relationship with status and social activity
The author diagnoses the “approximation” of the horizon for planning a personal future on the basis of the results of sociological research. Uncertainty about the future is becoming the norm in an unstable social environment. This trend is observed both in global and Russian society, and in the studied regions. The purpose of this article is to identify and describe the specifics of personal future planning by residents of the Russian province and to establish the relationship between the nature of planning and dominant status positions of an individual. The empirical basis of the article is the results of a sociological study conducted in two Russian regions, as well as data from all-Russian surveys. The presence of “long” (for a period of over 5 years) life strategies is noted only in a tenth of the inhabitants of Belgorod and Voronezh regions. It cannot be said that the mass consciousness of the provincial society is permeated with fatalism and passivity. Personal activity and determination with the effective support of the immediate environment are the key factors of social success from the point of view of the majority of respondents. The remoteness or proximity of the planning horizon, the presence or absence of life strategies have only a very small degree of socio-status determination (first of all, age and level of well-being). To a greater extent, they are formed under the influence of socio-psychological factors derived from the specifics of macrosocial dynamics and adaptive practices of the immediate environment. There is a slight positive effect of the desire to plan a personal future on the entrepreneurial attitudes of citizens. Moreover, there is no connection with his attitudes towards labor mobility and social activity. The vast majority of representatives of provincial society do not see the point in “long” life strategies due to the uncertainty of social dynamics and limited social and human capital.