HIV awareness among labor migrants from Central Asia States
The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of an adequate understanding of threats to one’s own health and the health of others, having the necessary information to take protective measures in a global epidemic. In the context of the ongoing epidemic of HIV infection in Russia, research into the factors of healthy behaviour of the population remains an important task. The article discusses the knowledge of migrants about the ways of HIV transmission as an important component of healthy behaviour and an important determinant of the prevention of the spread of HIV. In the current environment, labour migration can be an additional risk factor for the spread of HIV in the country, because of the life patterns of mobile behavioural groups compared to the permanent (indigenous) population. The object of the study is migrant workers from Central Asian countries living in the Moscow region.The data presented in the article were obtained during mass surveys. The first study was conducted in the Moscow region in October-December 2018, the volume of the sample – 3500 respondents. The second study was conducted on the territory of the Moscow region in September-November 2021, the volume of the sample – 5000 respondents. For the comparative analysis, data from the working population of the Moscow region (600 respondents) and data from migrants from Tajikistan and Uzbekistan – men and women, over 18 years of age working and/or living in the Moscow region at the time of the survey (1,359 respondents) from the second survey. The information-gathering methodologies and tools of the two studies were similar and comparable. The article presents a comparative analysis of quantitative indicators of the level of awareness on various issues related to HIV infection, working residents of the Moscow region and migrants from the countries of Central Asia.As a result of a comparative analysis of knowledge about HIV infection of the working population of the Moscow region and migrants from the countries of Central Asia (Uzbekistan and Tajikistan) significant gaps have been identified in the ownership of primary basic information on possible modes of infection, prevention and treatment of the disease, as well as the biological media through which HIV infection is transmitted.