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DOI: 10.18413/2408-9338-2019-5-2-0-4

The state of spirituality of Muscovites of various denominations

In the article, we show certain results of the authors sociological research among citizens of Moscow, conducted by the Center for Sociology of Religion and Socio-cultural Processes of the Institute of Socio-political Researches of the RAS in May-June 2018. The issues analyzed in the sociocultural aspect relate primarily to spirituality, morality and, in some respect, to religiosity. In particular, it is shown that spiritual and moral values form the basis of spirituality, and the religiosity of a certain part of the population contributes to their preservation and development in society. To see the correlation of the answers of those who contribute to the preservation of spiritual and moral values, we consider the direction with which the respondents identify themselves, then how their attitude towards religion changed over the course of their lives. It is also interesting how and why they participate in religious practices. We believe that the introduction to the new culture of being fills the life with a new world outlook, new values and traditions (they may coincide with the old ones), different social behavior. The study also included answers to some questions concerning premarital relationships, since they represent a group of family and human values. In particular, how do Muscovites relate to the fact that one of the relatives wants to marry a person of a different religion. The object of this sociological study also included the values that are socio-political in nature. For example, human rights and freedoms, patriotism (love of country), social justice, socialist values, national pride, etc. Such values were in the center of attention of residents of the metropolis. They could even become a national idea, the basis of the unity of the people. The article also discusses how to achieve unity of confessions on a spiritual basis. While this is impossible, geopolitical reasons and a split in Orthodoxy are especially hindering. In conclusion, the author notes that, despite the transformations in a number of social spheres, including sociocultural, spiritual and moral principles remain stable, and the values inherent in different faiths, although they also change, but remain and are transmitted to the new generation. A certain motivation leads people to the need to consolidate in the face of danger. In this case, spiritual and moral priorities and values are manifested, and their further implementation is underway.

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